Probably the most celebrated Southern writer, William Faulkner produced 20 novels, more than a hundred short stories, and several volumes of poetry. He set most of his novels in Yoknapatapwha County, Mississippi, which closely paralleled his home in Oxford and the surrounding Lafayette County.
Faulkner’s greatest work came during the period between the two World Wars. His output was influenced by a need for money, which also took him to Hollywood for a brief period at the invitation of Howard Hawks. There, Faulkner contributed to the screenplays of The Big Sleep and To Have and Have Not. He produced some of his most famous novels during these years: The Sound and the Fury (1929), As I Lay Dying (1930), Sanctuary (1931), Light in August (1932), and Absalom, Absalom! (1936).
Faulkner’s reputation was slow to build, but took a major boost when he was selected to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1949. In addition, he won two Pulitzer Prizes (Great American Things, February 19, 2010) for A Fable (1955) and The Reivers (1962). He also won two National Book Awards for Collected Stories (1951) and A Fable. Not just a great Southern writer, Faulkner established himself among the pantheon of the greatest American novelists.
- William Faulkner audio recordings go online (theglobeandmail.com)